Logan County’s Importance in the Trans-Mississippi Civil War Years

Battle of Haguewood Prairie featured in State Magazine

The battle of Haguewood Prairie occurred near Paris on September 27, 1863.  General Joseph Shelby and eight hundred Confederate troops on their way into Missouri on The Great Raid came across eighty members of the First Arkansas Infantry  (US) near present-day Hagwood Creek.  A two hour long battle ensued with Shelby eventually prevailing.  There were 26 casualties on the North and probably an equal or greater number of Confederates injured.

North Logan County was of significant importance in the trans-Mississippi Civil War years.  The Old Military Road, built in 1836, connected Memphis with Fort Gibson, Indian Territory and was a conduit for supplies during the war.  The Butterfield Stage also used this road and, beginning in 1858, ran regular routes from Memphis to Fort Smith.  The Old Military road runs just north of present-day Paris and the Butterfield Station, located on the road, probably served as the original site for construction of the city.  When the Arkansas River was high enough, steamboats would unload supplies and munitions at Roseville.  At least three Civil War skirmishes occurred there and it was where General Shelby and his troops were going when they encountered the First Arkansas Infantry.  A very busy ferry crossed the river at Roseville and was used up until the early 1900’s.



Roseville Landing

in the early 1900’s





Paris recently applied for and received a grant from the Arkansas Sesquicentennial Foundation to commemorate the Haguewood Battle.  An historical marker is expected to be completed in time for this year’s Frontier Day celebration and will eventually be placed at the corner of airport road and highway 22.

The Arkansas Department of Heritage will feature an article on the Haguewood Prairie in the fall edition of the Arkansas Civil War Heritage trail.  The quarterly magazine is distributed throughout Arkansas and surrounding states and serves as an informational guide to historians and various groups that explore historical sites.  Placement of historical markers and signs serve as a powerful reminder of local history and also preserve history that would otherwise be lost.

The local committee organizing Logan County’s Civil War Sesquicentennial activities are Joyce Trusty, Linda Hamilton, Ty Varnell, Glen Gilbreath, and Dr. Curtis Varnell.  Additional  historical information about Logan County and the Battle of Haguewood Prairie can be found on the Arkansas Encyclopedia of History and Culture http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/

Dr. Curtis Varnell